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Mosambik: Tulvatilanne ja ulkomaanvelka

Pia Laine
1.3.2000

Tässä mosambikilaisen Grupo de Dividan tiedote tulvien vaikutuksesta maan ulkomaanvelkaan. Tuoretta tietoa, valmistui juuri (1.3.00 illalla).

Grupo de Divida, velkaryhmä, on mosambikilaisten kansalaisjärjestöjen, ammattiyhdistysten, kirkkojen edustajien ja yksittäisten velkakysymyksistä kiinnostuneiden mosambikilaisten muodostama yhteistyöelin. Grupo de Divida pyrkii tekemään velkakysymystä eri tavoin tunnetuksi sekä teettää velkaa koskevia akateemisia tutkimuksia. Grupo de Dividaa pidetään Mosambikissa velkakysymyksessä asiantuntijaelimenä, se näkyy paljon paikallisessa mediassa. Grupo de Divida on mukana myös Maailmanpankin ja Kansainvälisen Valuuttarahaston koolle kutsumassa kansalaisjärjestöjen konsultaatioryhmässä.

Kiireiselle lukijalle - tiedotteen ydin on tässä lauseessa: "The emergency aid and the money needed for long term development should at no point compete with each other."

Terveisin,
Pia Laine
Tiedottaja - Information Officer, KEPA Mozambique

 

Press Release 1.3.00

Mozambican Debt Group is renewing its appeal for an _immediate cancellation_ of the country's external debt. Mozambique is currently paying 1,46 million USD a week as debt services.

The debt crisis has hindered the development of the country for decades. The economic situation of Mozambique was precarious already before the flooding that started in February - now the economic situation has gone from precarious to catastrophic.

Statistically, the Mozambican economy has been growing rapidly during the last years. The growth has, however, mainly benefited the commercial centers: Maputo and the so called development corridors that link Mozambique to its neighboring countries. Most of Mozambique has not seen the fruits of this growth. Nearly 70 per cent of Mozambicans live in the countryside. It is the life of these people that has been worst affected by the flooding.

"The emergency aid and the money needed for long term development should at no point compete with each other." The aim should be that Mozambique at the end of year 2000 is better off than in the beginning. Now there is serious a danger of economic backlash, since the money that in the state budged had been allocated for long term development will partly go to emergency aid.

The World Bank and IMF officials have estimated that the economic impact of the floods will be limited to about one per cent of GDP (cited in Norwegian newspaper Aftenposten 28.2.00). Almost one third of the country has been flooded, approximately one million of the population of 17 million have been seriously affected. With the harvest gone, these people have lost their livelihood. The estimates of WB and IMF clearly show the lack of connection between their statistics and the reality. Positive economic indicators are no guarantee for even distribution of the wealth.

For more information, please contact
Eufrigina dos Reis
Coordinator,
Grupo Moçambicano da Dívida
Tel. 258-1- 303026
Fax 258-1- 423140
E-mail: divida@zebra.uem.mz